Mangrove forests are an important part of our world's ecosystem.
Mangroves are salt-tolerant trees that are typically found in inter-tidal areas that receive high annual rainfall. Areas where mangroves forests are vast are Asia, South America, and Africa. The soft roots on the mangrove absorb oxygen from air while giving the tree support. They either exclude the salt or the salt excretes on the leaves that is washed away with rainfall.
Mangroves are an important part of the ecosystem. For the land, mangroves reduce erosion and offer partial barricade from winds and waves. Mangroves provide a safe harbor for young fish and animals; their dense root systems are a shelter from predators. The forests provide nest support for birds. Mangroves also convert organic matter to the marine ecosystem.
Like our rainforests, mangrove forests are subjected to large amounts of their trees getting cut down. Reasons are for lumber, commercial development, or aquaculture.
Pollution has a huge impact of the health of not only our mangroves, but the world. Between carbon dioxide emissions and water pollution, mangrove's ecosystem is being destroyed.
Largely caused from pollution, our ocean's are facing a loss of coral reefs. The acidity in the water causes coral bleaching and erosion, which causes wave turbulence on shorelines.